1 survival and its alternatives in ancient western philosophy, plato affirmed both a pre-natal life of the soul and the soul's continued life after the death of the body. Socrates states that there are many pathways a soul can follow after death all depending on how a person acted during life will determine where the go and what happens to their soul the description of socrates' earth is that of a place where gods and men alike can converse and it is a lot like heaven described in christianity. Essay on socrates and epicurus - live life without fear of death 2740 words | 11 pages philosophers such as socrates and epicurus would argue that one has no reason to fear it.
As mentioned in the previous essay, candida moss' the myth of persecution got me thinking about the notion of the good death her mention of socrates and discussion of the stories of martyrdom reminded me that a considerable part of the apology is about death and why it should not be feared. Epicurus' death argument epicurus' view that death is not to be feared has had an enormous impact on western thought for over two thousand years, regardless of the strength of his other views he argued that man should rid himself of the irrational fear of death.
Epicurus gives a straightforward definition, influenced by aristippus, a disciple of socrates and founder of the cyrenaic school of philosophy: pleasure is our first and kindred good it is the starting point of every choice and of every aversion, and to it we always come back, inasmuch as we make feeling the rule by which to judge of every. The reason i suggested that the second possibility of an afterlife is 'heaven' is because socrates mentioned examining and questioning his predecessors in relation to his death and the movement of his soul to another place so he could practice philosophy forever, essentially.
Epicurus believed that finding a life of peaceful contentment devoid of pain or fear should be the goal of every life epicurus believed that the one thing that was holding people back from truly accomplishing this feat was the fear of death. For epicurus, the purpose of philosophy was to attain a happy, tranquil life, characterized by peace, freedom from fear, the absence of pain, and by living a self-sufficient life surrounded by friends. Epi urus o death epicurus (341-270 bc), whom epicurean philosophy named after him, based his opinion on the i stitutio of pleasure as the hu a s pri ar real good in his viewpoint, a good life is one that in which pleasure -to be particular, pleasures with the subtraction of pains- is maximised to. Life after death is an essential part of christianity and paul tries to show through reductio ad absurdum that life after death is a reality if there is no life after death, paul argues, then jesus could not have risen from death.
Epicurus (341-270 bc) was an ancient greek philosopher who founded a school of philosophy now called epicureanism he was born on the greek island of samos to athenian parents. After the conversation i had with socrates i still felt a bit confused with the advice he gave me so i decided to call epicurus to see what advice he might have some advice on how i should live my last year on earth. I concur with epicurus because socrates does not offer a sound argument for death for a blessing, whereas epicurus' argument is cogent i would also argue personally that death is not something to be emphasized because, like epicurus, i see no adequate evidence showing we even exist after death.
Socrates answers that his light-heartedness in the face of death comes from the certainty that he will find even better gods and friends in the afterlife he accompanies this remark with the conviction that there is an afterlife which is good for those who have been good in this life, and bad for those who have been wicked. Finally, epicurus seeks to resolve the issue of metaphysical anguish of man, by advocating a philosophy of non-thought of death death is annihilation, because the mind is a group of atoms that disperses after death. Epicurus further denotes that death signifies the end of an individual's soul and body, and therefore there is no need of fearing it he further goes on to state that, there is no life after death, and the gods cannot punish human beings after they are dead. One of these beliefs is that there is life after death, and that there is one supreme being of the universe this goes back to aristotle's first mover theory i would however agree that life is a balancing act between pain and pleasure or good and evil.
Epicurus's philosophy on the fear of death essay - death, and people's perception of it are a major part of many philosophies. Socrates is a man who went through life with a very distinct and ironic attitude toward death, incomparable to the ordinary person socrates believed that the gods would not let a good man be harmed in life or death, and when it is his time for death the gods will call upon him. If we begin with socrates and his idea of life after death, we can see that he implies death brings the soul to a better place in socrates' final speech to the congress that denounces him to death, he states that either death is a state of nothingness and utter unconsciousness, or, as men say, there is a change and migration of the soul.